I had the privilege to present a paper at the Southwest Region of the Evangelical Theological Society this year. The abstract is below, with a pdf link to the full paper. It is a technical paper, so be warned it is not bedside reading.

This paper will attempt to prove that Zechariah 10:1-2 contains an intended inner-biblical allusion to Deuteronomy 11:14-15, which changes the meaning of Zechariah 10:1-2 if the reader recognizes the allusion. In order to demonstrate the presence of a literary allusion, this paper will utilize several criteria for determining allusion, some of which have been used in previous works by other scholars such as Tracy McKenzie, Bernard Maurer, Michael Lyons, and David Klingler. Some of the criteria are: verbal similarities, same style, genre appropriate, same structure, and same themes. Any discussion of allusion must include a suggestion for which text is alluding to the other. Rather than employ debated discussions on the dating of completed Old Testament books, this paper will utilize textual arguments similar to text critical discussions in order to determine the direction of the allusion. Some of the criteria are: modification of context or vocabulary, interpretive expansion or summarization, conceptual dependence, conflation, and demonstration of imported meaning. Based upon an application of these criteria, one may conclude that the author of Zechariah 10:1-2 alluded to Deuteronomy 11:14-15 in order to communicate to his readers that if the people followed Yahweh’s ways that their return to Yehud would be like a return to Eden. But, if they did not follow Yahweh’s ways, then they would be punished again.

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